Tag: Silat

Pekiti Tirsia Kali & Pencak Silat Mande Muda Seminar with Tuhon Leslie Buck

Tuhon Leslie Buck of the Tactical Arts Academy

Boost your kali and silat skills this fall with Tuhon Leslie Buck of the Tactical Arts Academy of Austin, Texas. Tuhon Buck joins us again for a special two-day seminar this September 9th and 10th.

This seminar will focus on single and double-stick techniques from Pekiti Tirsia Kali, as well as open-hand techniques from Pencak Silat Mande Muda.

Tuhon Leslie Buck has over 15 years of experience teaching law enforcement and military fighting and defensive tactics skills, and even more as owner and founder of the Tactical Arts Academy.

Tuhon Leslie Buck of the Tactical Arts Academy.
Tuhon Leslie Buck of the Tactical Arts Academy.


September 9-10, 10 a.m. - 3 p.m. both days

Earlybird Registration: (Now - August 21)
1 Day: $75
2 Days: $135
Regular Registration: (August 22 - September 9/10)
1 Day: $85
2 Days: $150

Wik Academy of Martial Arts
8419 Cincinnati-Columbus Rd.
West Chester, OH 45069 (at the corner of Butler-Warren and Route 42/Reading Rd.)

What to Bring:

If you have a set of escrima please bring them as we have a limited number available to lend out. If you would like to buy a pair of escrima from us you can do so online or at the Academy. Please buy your sticks at least one week ahead of time to ensure stock.

There will be a short break both days for lunch, so please bring a lunch as well as plenty of water to drink. Alternatively, we will also be bringing sandwich supplies for anyone who didn't bring a lunch. Everyone is welcome to it, we just ask that you chip in a few dollars.

Register Now Join the Event on Facebook

Tuhon Leslie Buck of the Tactical Arts Academy.
Tuhon Leslie Buck of the Tactical Arts Academy.

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The Five Types of Martial Art

Boxing and Types of Martial Art at the Wik Academy of Martial Arts Cincinnati Ohio

Trying to choose a martial art to train in when you're just starting out can be daunting. Just here in the Cincinnati area there are so many to choose from with such a wide variety of backgrounds, structures, and goals - how can you know which is right for you?

One thing that can help you make an informed decision is knowing the five basic types of martial art. Once you understand those and where different arts fit in, you can decide what classes to take or arts to study based on your own goals.

What Are the Five Types / Categories of Martial Art?

While there are a lot of different ways to categorize and group different martial arts, we're going to look at the five groups you can use to sort different arts by focus. Those five categories are:

  • Traditional

  • Restorative

  • Eclectic / Hybrid

  • Sportive

  • Combative

These categories aren't in any way exclusive, and many arts span several with one being the primary category but with elements of others. Each category also exists on a gradient, and different schools or instructors within the same art might emphasize different categories more. Rather than divide things up by striking art vs. grappling art vs. weapon art or criteria like that, these categories sort the different martial arts out by their goal or focus.

Let's look at what each one means and give some examples.

Traditional Martial Arts

Traditional martial arts put a heavy emphasis on passing down the traditions or culture of the art and its place of origin.

These arts often have a number of etiquette and cultural rules, use a lot terminology from the primary language of the art's place of origin, and involve a sense of ceremony. Due to having to learn and adhere to new rules of behavior - such as when and how to bow, how to address instructors and students of varying rank, how to sit or stand at attention, etc. - Traditional arts often wind up incorporating a lot of discipline and character building aspects.

These tend to be good arts for people who want to experience new cultural traditions, experience a strong sense of community, be introduced to new philosophical concepts, or improve their discipline. They also tend to be good for younger children because of the emphasis on rules and proper behavior.

Some examples of arts that are often categorized as Traditional martial arts are: Shorin-Ryu Karate, Tae Kwon Do, Hung Gar, Capoeira, Aikido, Wing Chun, & Kendo

Restorative Martial Arts

The next category, Restorative martial arts, are arts whose primary goal is to improve the health of the practitioner above all else. This includes both physical and mental health, and arts in this category may work on improving strength, mental focus, flexibility, breathing, cardiovascular health, and more.

Many of these have a meditative aspect to them, although that's not necessarily required. They also range in how strenuous they might be, with Tai Chi being an example that usually falls on the more gentle end and fitness kickboxing being an example that nearly always falls on the higher intensity end. Regardless all of these arts are concerned first and foremost with making you a healthier person rather than preparing you for a competition or giving you the tools to destroy an enemy.

Restorative martial arts are great for people who care most about getting healthy. If the thing you want most out of your training is to learn to focus, calm your mind, or improve your overall wellness, then arts which fall primarily in this category will be a perfect fit.

Some examples of arts that are often categorized as Restorative martial arts are: Tai Chi / Taijiquan, Some Forms of Silat, Fitness Kickboxing, Baguazhang, Aikido, & Capoeira

Eclectic or Hybrid Martial Arts

The third category, Eclectic martial arts or sometimes called Hybrid martial arts, are martial arts that make it a main focus to take elements from a wide range of other arts and incorporate them into a unified system.

Arts in this category tend to have strong secondary categories that inform the types of things they adopt from other arts. What sets arts aside that can be called a primarily Eclectic martial art over one of the other categories is the emphasis on changing, testing, and openness to the incorporation of new ideas.

Eclectic or Hybrid martial arts generally make a great fit for people who want to get exposure to a variety of training methods and styles. If you prefer the idea of testing, changing, and improving over the idea of continuing a long unchanging tradition, then martial arts in the Eclectic category will be a good fit.

Some examples of arts that are often categorized as Eclectic or Hybrid martial arts are: Jeet Kune Do, MMA / Mixed Martial Arts, Kajukenbo, Hapkido, Krav Maga, Pencak Silat Mande Muda, & SPEAR

Sportive Martial Arts

The Sportive martial arts category encompasses all of the arts whose foremost goal is training a student to win in a competition.

Sportive martial arts often, but not always, have a smaller range of individual techniques to learn and instead spend more time drilling specific aspects, simulating competition events through things like sparring, and improving the physical attributes that will most benefit an athlete in that sport. There may also be more strategic learning like analyzing other competitors or figuring out how to utilize competition rules to your advantage.

People who want to compete - whether in actual tournaments or just unofficially with other students - will fit best in one of the Sportive martial arts. If you have a strong desire to test yourself and use your martial art against someone the Sportive arts are often the best option to do so.

Some examples of arts that are often categorized as Sportive martial arts are: Boxing, ITF Tae Kwon Do, MMA / Mixed Martial Arts, Wrestling, Muay Thai, Fencing, Brazilian Jiujitsu, & Savate

Combative Martial Arts

The final category is that of Combative martial arts. What places a martial art in this category is a primary focus on dealing with a sudden, violent, potentially fatal attack - often though not exclusively as part of your career or position.

What sets Combative martial arts apart from the 'combat sports' styles of Sportive martial arts is the lack of an agreed upon location, rules, or initiation of combat. In a Sportive martial art such as MMA both combatants know what rules they and the other combatant must operate under, they know where the encounter will take place and what type of terrain to expect (generally a flat, well-lit, clean ring with clear boundaries), and they know the encounter has begun because its start is designated by a bell, referee, or other indicator.

Combative martial arts lack all three of these. There are no limitations on what can be done, you don't know where the encounter will happen or the conditions of the location, and the start of the encounter might be getting a knife placed at your throat or getting hit in the back of the head with a bat. These arts often train students ways to kill or maim, and often incorporate or even focus on some type of weapons training.

It's important here to make the distinction between self-defense and fighting. Self-defense is when a person is attacked with no means for escape or deescalation. A fight is the opportunity to leave or deescalate is present but a person makes the decision not to take it.

Two men arguing in a bar who square up and come to blows are in a fight, because one of them could have chosen to walk away, and this situation actually more closely resembles what Sportive martial arts prepares people for. A man coming up behind you with a knife while you're at an ATM and telling you to get into his van is in a self-defense situation, and this more closely resembles what Combative martial arts train for.

Combative martial arts are an excellent fit for people who work in dangerous professions - such as law enforcement or military personnel - or for those whose primary concern is being assaulted by someone with the intent of murdering, raping, or kidnapping them or a loved one.

Some examples of arts that are often categorized as Combative martial arts are: Krav Maga, Pekiti Tirsia Kali (as well as other Arnis / Escrima systems), MCMAP, Silek Harimau Minangkabau, & SPEAR

Final Considerations on the Five Martial Art Categories

These categories should be considered as general guidelines as there is always going to be a lot of overlap and variance between instructors. There are also some that overlap more commonly than others. For example, Eclectic tend to overlap with Combative and, to a lesser extent, Sportive arts but very rarely with Traditional or Restorative arts. Similarly Restorative and Traditional martial arts can often be found with a lot of overlap, but rarely do Restorative martial arts coincide with Sportive or Combative arts.

There can also be a range of different areas of focus with an art depending on the instructor. Some Muay Thai instructors for instance may focus more on the cultural heritage and traditions of the art and be less concerned with prepping students to compete placing it more in the Traditional art category. Other Muay Thai instructors may work more with athletes or MMA fighters to perform better in competitions and downplay traditional elements like the Wai Kru or other Thai customs removing the Traditional art elements entirely.

As another example the Jeet Kune Do classes at our Academy here in West Chester are structured in a way that places it solidly in the Eclectic category (we make a point of including elements from a variety of arts and helping students what works best for them). However, we teach with a very strong secondary element as a Combative martial art since we include many elements from Krav Maga, Kali, forms of Silat, and other primarily Combative arts and we approach our training through the lens of an unexpected violent assault.

Other JKD instructors may emphasize different training goals, such as training with MMA fighters to improve their performance, or passing on the philosophies and traditions of Bruce Lee. None of these approaches is inherently better or worse than the others, but it makes it important to know where each instructor or school fits in relative to your goals when you're choosing an art and where to train.

When you understand these categories relative to your goals, and how different arts can fit into them, it makes choosing a martial art to study a much easier process.

If you're interested in learning more about the arts we teach, you can reach us via the contact page or find the next class on our schedule and come visit.

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Alvin Guinanao Returning In July

Silat Buka Lingakaran with Chief Instructor Alvin Guinanao

Mark your calendars! Chief Instructor Alvin Guinanao of Silat Open Circle will be returning to Cincinnati July 15th & 16th for another Silat Buka Lingkaran Seminar.

Registration is now open, so be sure to register soon as spots are limited and always go quickly! You can also mark yourself as going on our Facebook event to get updates.


When: July 15-16, 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. both days

Price: (now-July 14)
1 Day: $80
2 Days: $150
Door Price: (July 15 & 16)
1 Day: $90
2 Days: $165

Where: The Inner Circle, 7009 Burlington Pike, Florence, KY 41042

What to Bring

No additional equipment will be necessary however it is advised you bring a lunch. There will be a 30-minute break on both days for food.

Register Now Join the Event on Facebook

If you've never seen Alvin in action check out this video from his seminar in Frosinone, Italy:

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An Introduction to Cane Fighting

As one of mankind's oldest weapons, it's hard to beat the simple effectiveness of the stick. Combine that with the fact that a walking cane can be carried in many places other tools like blades and firearms cannot and you have an extremely versatile force multiplier that can accompany you almost anywhere.

Due to the age of the weapon there are countless stick based systems. We're going to look past the common stick arts like Kali, Arnis, and Pekiti Tirsia and examine two arts we teach at the Wik Academy that utilize specifically the walking stick or cane.

La Canne de Combat

La Canne at the Wik Academy of Martial Arts

The first is the art of La Canne de Combat, an art closely connected with Savate. Originating in France at least as far back as the early 1800s Canne de Combat utilizes the cane in a manner reminiscent of the foil used in fencing. It was a popular gentleman's self-defense discipline throughout the 1960s, and there are tales of assassins using the art in occupied France during World War II to dispatch high ranking Nazi officers.

After being largely codified into a sport in order to survive as a discipline the original self-defense oriented techniques which include more targeting of vulnerable areas, throws, chokes, and joint locks using the cane have come to sometimes be called canne défense. Another variation which blends in a range of kicks and striking from Savate also exists, generally called canne chausson.

The canne de combat techniques that we teach at the Academy come down from the Federation de Savate Boxe Francaise through Professor Salem Assli.

Silek Harimau Minangkabau

Silek Harimau Mingangkabau Tongkat at the Wik Academy of Martial Arts

The walking stick, ortongkat, was traditionally the last weapon a practitioner of Silek Harimau Minangkabau learned and was considered the weapon of Grandmasters. It was thought that it took the years of experience and wisdom of a Grandmaster to be able to defend effectively against enemies armed with machetes and other more lethal weapons.

The tongkat techniques of Silek Harimau Minangkabau include low-crouched stances that allow a defender to hook and catch the legs of attackers with the crook of the cane, loose hand locks and blade immobilization techniques using the stick, and extended long and mid-range strikes.

Our Academy's Silek Harimau Minangkabau comes down from the Hanafi lineage through Grandmaster Maha Guru Richard Crabbe De-Bordes. Maha Guru De-Bordes will be leading a seminar this month in both empty hand and walking cane techniques.

If you're interested in learning effective self-defense techniques using empty hands, blades, and a variety of other tools contact us to schedule a time to come in and discuss your goals.

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